With the current surge in national economy the industrial traffic has increased many folds in terms of quantity of load and traffic volume. This results in early deterioration of the roads. An efficient road transportation system is of vitally important for smooth operations of industrial units.
With the current surge in national economy the industrial traffic has increased many folds in terms of quantity of load and traffic volume. This results in early deterioration of the roads.
Also the serviceability reduces hampering the industry's supply of raw material and transport of finished goods. An efficient road transportation system is of vitally important for smooth operations of industrial units. Construction of new roads needs an enormous investment. However, once constructed the road network system requires huge resources to maintain serviceability and to ensure safe passage at an appropriate speed and with low VOC Vehicle Operating Cost.
Road maintenance is therefore an essential function and should be carried out on a timely basis. The cost of providing and maintaining the roads for the industrial areas at an acceptable serviceability level is quite high.
It is therefore essential for a transportation engineer to attempt establishing an acceptable pavement condition level from economic, safety and environmental point of view.
In today's economic environment of constrained budgets, as the existing road infrastructure has aged, a more systematic approach towards determining maintenance and rehabilitation needs is necessary. The efficient pavement management system shall provide objective information and useful analysis to ensure consistent and cost effective decisions related to preservation of existing industrial road network in healthy condition.
Pavement, maintenance, management rehabilitation, transportation Reference 1. An Expert System for Pavement Maintenance". Transportation Research Record,pp Ameri Mahmod, Eftehkarzadah Farhad.
Pavement Management System forRoads. Iran Science and Technology University. PhD Dissertation, University of Leeds. Guidelines on Calibration and Adaptation. A wireless local area network LAN is a network that connects computer systems and devices within the same geographical area but without the use of wire.
Fragmentation threshold is one of the parameters used in a wireless local area network which specifies the values to decide if the Media Access Control MAC Service Data Unit MSDU received from the higher layer network needs fragmentation before transmission. The number of fragments to be transmitted is calculated based on the size of the MSDU and the fragmentation threshold.
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