Regarding quality of trees:
Landscape Architecture Magazine, April Excerpt: For now, only you can keep trees with ill-formed roots from leaving the nursery. Trees were increasingly declining as they reached maturity.
Landscape Architecture Magazine, June Excerpt: Bare-root planting is a better choice for tree health. Tree planting may be the essence of sustainable architecture, but the methods of harvesting and installation are not always specified in the most sustainable ways.
Each of the most common options for tree planting - balled and burlapped, tree-spade planting, and container-grown trees - has environmental costs that reduce or even eliminate the trees' contributions to the sustainability equation.
Before World War II, bare-root planting was the common method to move trees both large and small. Projects did not typically move at a fast pace, and people were more patient to wait until the right time to plant.
After the war, increasingly larger trees were specified to meet both designer and client needs for instant gratification, and projects began to move more rapidly, with plantings often required at almost all times of year.
Compacted soils to support pavements and infrastructure increase the run off rate of rainwater. They can transform the urban forest into a rainwater mitigation asset.
Tree Root Growth Requirements Dr. University of Georgia, July Roots utilize space in the soil. The more space controlled the more potential resources controlled.
The volume of soil space controlled by tree roots is directly related to tree health. Compaction initiates many negative impacts in the soil including: Download the full paper here. Beautiful cities without trees are impossible. While the trees in their native forests receive no care from human hands, yet in the environments of a city they must either have human care or become sickly and, long before their time, die.
Under such unnatural conditions they must either have care to succeed, and care requires labor, and labor costs money. Nothing can be placed along the side of a street, not even a hitching post, but requires care, and ever so much more is that care demanded for a living tree.
Hartford is to-day one of the foremost cities in its development of a useful and extensive park system, and its many tree-arched and shaded trees and avenues entitle it to the name which it is receiving throughout the country of "The beautiful city.
In some places there is good management, but next door there may be mismanagement and downright neglect and carelessness. Such undesirable conditions will always exist as long as street trees, although standing within the limit of the highway, are considered and treated as the property of the owners of the adjoining grounds.
The property owner looks upon the street trees principally in their relation to his own house and grounds and loses sight of their importance as an ornament to the street.
That municipal ownership alone can remedy such conditions is obvious, and the more the value of street trees, as being useful to the community at large, becomes recognized, the more will the public become convinced that city authorities should control the shade-giving street trees and that they are as essential to the welfare and attractiveness of the city as the roadways and sidewalks are important to its traffic and safety.
Read the full report here.In urban landscape planning, using or not-using fruitful trees and shrubs as part of urban agriculture is a significant challenge. This study evaluated the important factors affecting cultivation of fruitful shrubs and trees in urban landscapes.
Landscape painting, also known as landscape art, is the depiction of landscapes in art – natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, especially where the main subject is a wide view – with its elements arranged into a coherent tranceformingnlp.com other works, landscape backgrounds for figures can still form an important part of the work.
Street Trees: Site Selection, Planting, and Maintenance in the Urban Landscape This publication addresses the planting and establishment of urban trees. It is designed to help the urban forester, city horticulturist, city official, tree commission, and other concerned citizens invest money wisely when trying to improve their cities through.
The office of James Urban, FASLA and Urban Trees + Soils specializes in urban forestry, soils analysis and design, Trees and horticultural design and site-specific landscape architectural projects.
The practice is located in Annapolis, Maryland and the office has been kept small to allow James Urban, FASLA to directly design and manage all projects. Your Urban Landscape Authority. Chrishaven Trees is a family operated wholesale nursery specializing in the production of quality flowering and shade trees especially suited for discerning urban landscapes.
Benefits of Urban Trees. Urban and Community Forestry: Improving Our Quality of Life Without trees, the city is a sterile landscape of concrete, brick, steel and asphalt. Picture your town without trees. The loss of trees in our urban areas not only intensifies the urban "heat-island" effect from loss of shade and evaporation, but we.