Here is how and why the conflict started: What caused the uprising? This gave hope to Syrian pro-democracy activists.
Reliefs from Tel Halaf dating to the Aramean kingdom of Bit Bahiani Around the 14th century BC, various Semitic peoples appeared in Syria problems area, such as the semi-nomadic Suteans who came into an unsuccessful conflict with Babylonia to the east, and the West Semitic speaking Arameans who subsumed the earlier Amorites.
They too were subjugated by Assyria and the Hittites for centuries. The Egyptians fought the Hittites for control over western Syria; the fighting reached Syria problems zenith in BC with the Battle of Kadesh.
From this point, the region became known as Aramea or Aram. From these coastal regions they eventually spread their influence throughout the Mediterraneanincluding building colonies in MaltaSicily, the Iberian peninsula modern Spain and Portugalthe coasts of North Africa, and most significantly, founding the major city state of Carthage in modern Tunisia in the 9th century BC which was much later to become the center of a major empire, rivaling the Roman Empire.
The Assyrians introduced Imperial Aramaic as the lingua franca of their empire. This language was to remain dominant in Syria and the entire Near East until after the Arab Islamic conquest in the 7th and 8th centuries AD, and was to be a vehicle for the spread of Christianity.
Assyrian domination ended after the Assyrians greatly weakened themselves in a series of brutal internal civil wars, followed by an attacking coalition of their former subject peoples; the MedesBabyloniansChaldeansPersiansScythians and Cimmerians. During the fall of Assyria, the Scythians ravaged and plundered much of Syria.
During this period, Syria became a battle ground between Babylonia and another former Assyrian colony, that of Egypt. The Babylonians, like their Assyrian relations, were victorious over Egypt.
Thus, it was the Greeks who introduced the name "Syria" to the region. Originally an Indo-European corruption of "Assyria" in northern Mesopotamia, the Greeks used this term to describe not only Assyria itself but also the lands to the west which had for centuries been under Assyrian dominion.
Eventually parts of southern Seleucid Syria were taken by Judean Hasmoneans upon the slow disintegration of the Hellenistic Empire. Syria briefly came under Armenian control from 83 BC, with the conquests of the Armenian king Tigranes the Greatwho was welcomed as a savior from the Seleucids and Romans by the Syrian people.
However, Pompey the Greata general of the Roman Empire rode to Syria, captured Antiochits capital, and turned Syria into a Roman province in 64 BC, thus ending the Armenian control over the region which had lasted two decades. Syria prospered under Roman rule, being strategically located on the silk road which gave it massive wealth and importance, making it the battleground for the rivaling Romans and Persians.
Temple of Jupiter, Damascus Palmyraa rich and sometimes powerful native Aramaic -speaking kingdom arose in northern Syria in the 2nd century; the Palmyrene established a trade network that made the city one of the richest in the Roman empire. Prior to the Arab Islamic Conquest in the 7th century AD, the bulk of the population were Arameansbut Syria was also home to Greek and Roman ruling classes, Assyrians still dwelt in the north east, Phoenicians along the coasts, and Jewish and Armenian communities was also extant in major cities, with Nabateans and pre-Islamic Arabs such as the Lakhmids and Ghassanids dwelling in the deserts of southern Syria.
The matriarch of the family and Empress of Rome as wife of emperor Septimius Severus was Julia Domnaa Syrian from the city of Emesa modern day Homswhose family held hereditary rights to the priesthood of the god El-Gabal. Her great nephews, also Arameans from Syria, would also become Roman Emperors, the first being Elagabalus and the second, his cousin Alexander Severus.
He was emperor from to and ruled briefly during the Crisis of the Third Century. During his reign, he focused on his home town of Philippopolis modern day Shahba and began many construction projects to improve the city, most of which were halted after his death.
Syria is significant in the history of Christianity ; Saulus of Tarsus, better known as the Apostle Paulwas converted on the Road to Damascus and emerged as a significant figure in the Christian Church at Antioch in ancient Syria, from which he left on many of his missionary journeys.
Watt says "It is tempting to suppose that Muhammad was already envisaging something of the expansion which took place after his death", and that the rapid march of his troops must have "impressed all those who heard of it".Syria is one of the oldest places where civilization has thought to have started.
Its capital, Damascus, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Throughout history it has seen many changes, violent and otherwise. Syria is a nation with a diverse collection of ethnicities and a multitude of religious affiliations.
Its capital, Damascus, is the oldest still existing city in human history. Sep 24, · World news about Syria. Breaking news and archival information about the protests, its people, politics and economy from The New York Times.
Once the centre of the Islamic Caliphate, Syria covers an area that has seen invasions and occupations over the ages, from Romans and Mongols to Crusaders and Turks. A country of fertile plains.
Watch video · The Free Syrian Army (FSA) is a loose conglomeration of armed brigades formed in by defectors from the Syrian army and civilians backed by . Major environmental issues in Syria include deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, desertification, water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage and wastes from petroleum refining, and inadequate supplies of potable water..
Water shortages, exacerbated by population growth, industrial expansion, and water pollution, are a significant long-term constraint on economic development.