This is the most controversial post I have ever written in ten years of blogging.
Purpose To explore the issue of ethics in medical research and, in particular, the issue of informed consent, in the context of Henrietta Lacks and the HeLa cells.
The ubiquitous cell line HeLa whose immortality provides the book title has helped power the explosive growth of cell biology for more than 50 years. But for all that is known about the cells themselves, most people know little if anything about the history and the woman behind these cells.
She first heard about HeLa cells at age 16 while attending a community college biology class. Her professor told the class that HeLa cells were the most famous cells ever, and that they came from an African American woman who died of cervical cancer.
In this lesson, students will read The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks and learn what bioethics is and how it has influenced cellular research from the s until now.
They will learn what informed consent is and its importance to researchers and patients. They will learn how a major piece of science history has impacted their lives on an individual level. Students should begin this lesson with a basic knowledge about what cells are and how they function.
This student sheet also asks students to create a poster explaining DNA to someone unfamiliar with it. Ideas in this lesson are also related to concepts found in these Common Core State Standards: Use this interview to begin a class discussion about HeLa cells.
What differentiates HeLa cells from other human cells? Do you think he should have asked her family for permission and why?
Encourage students to explain their answers. How would you define informed consent? It is getting permission from individuals to use their tissues or perform a procedure on them, and making sure they fully understand what it is they are agreeing to allow the doctors to do.
If you go to the dermatologist and he or she removes a mole, what do you think is done with that tissue sample?
How would you define bioethics? It is the moral principles that guide biological research and how these principles are upheld in the field of medicine. Development In this part of the lesson, students will learn more about the case of Henrietta Lacks by reading the book.
Once students have read this article, you should engage them in a discussion using the questions on the HeLa teacher sheet students can record their responses on the HeLa student sheet.
Once you have had this discussion with students, use the Debate Form from the Northwest Association for Biomedical Research to lead students in a debate about patient rights regarding using human tissue for research.
Now that students have a basic understanding of HeLa cells and the story behind them, have them read The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. They should use the HeLa Reading Log student sheet to guide them as they read.
The reading log guides students through the book, which is divided into three parts. The reading log follows this layout. You can find suggested responses to the questions on the HeLa Reading Log teacher sheet. Read Ethics in Research and write an essay about the voluntary and involuntary participation in medical research.
Have students use the matrix at the end of the Key Concepts student sheet to guide them in writing the essay you can find definitions for the concepts on the Key Concepts teacher sheet.
Ask them to define the key concepts listed in the table and then incorporate those in their essay to demonstrate understanding of the concepts. Watch the video Informed Consent and Medical Research. Different cultures hold different beliefs about health, religion, and death, as shown in the video.How to Write a Descriptive Essay.
In this Article: Article Summary Brainstorming Ideas for the Essay Writing the Essay Polishing the Essay Community Q&A A descriptive essay should create a vivid picture of the topic in the reader’s mind. You may need to write a descriptive essay for a class assignment or decide to write one as a fun writing challenge.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued .
- Lesson Learned There are so many events that change one’s life that it is rather difficult to try and decipher which of those events are most important. Each event changes a different aspect of your life, molding how one’s personality turns out.
Choosing the 10 most important events in history is one of the most difficult and controversial things to do. Why? Because history is more than a few hundred years long, and there is way too much bias in most . Before the class has read or seen the play, give the following introduction: The three years and eight months of the Second World War were probably the most glorious period in U.S.
history. Comments on "33 of Life’s Most Powerful Lessons" Subscribe. newest oldest most voted. Notify of. Guest. Carla Sonheim But if they are abusive you can’t keep them in your life.
It’s a hard lesson to learn. @ Clay: Thanks for linking me, I truly appreciate it. where I hope to spark a debate regarding the most important.