Odysseus became king of Ithaka when his father retired to the countryside to lead the quiet life of a farmer.
See Article History Alternative Titles: According to Homer, Odysseus was king of Ithacason of Laertes and Anticleia the daughter of Autolycus of Parnassusand father, by his wife, Penelopeof Telemachus.
In later tradition, Odysseus was instead the son of Sisyphus and fathered sons by CirceCalypsoand others. Odysseus; TiresiasOdysseus, seated between Eurylochus left and Perimedes, consulting the shade of Tiresias.
Jastrow Homer portrayed Odysseus as a man of outstanding wisdom and shrewdness, eloquence, resourcefulness, courage, and endurance. In the Iliad, Odysseus appears as the man best suited to cope with crises in personal relations among the Greeks, and he plays a leading part in achieving the reconciliation between Agamemnon and Achilles.
OdysseusOdysseus or Ulysses as portrayed in literature, art, and cinema.
He then encounters the SirensScylla and Charybdisand the Cattle of the Sun, which his companions, despite warnings, plunder for food. He alone survives the ensuing storm and reaches the idyllic island of the nymph Calypso. Courtesy of the Alte Pinakothek, Munich After almost nine years, Odysseus finally leaves Calypso and at last arrives in Ithaca, where his wife, Penelopeand son, Telemachushave been struggling to maintain their authority during his prolonged absence.
Penelope still does not believe him and gives him one further test. But at last she knows it is he and accepts him as her long-lost husband and the king of Ithaca.
By knowing a particular and secret detail of their household furnishings the construction of their bedOdysseus at last convinces Penelope that he is her husband. In the Odyssey Odysseus has many opportunities to display his talent for ruses and deceptions, but at the same time his courage, loyalty, and magnanimity are constantly attested.
Classical Greek writers presented him sometimes as an unscrupulous politician, sometimes as a wise and honourable statesman. Philosophers usually admired his intelligence and wisdom. The early Christian writers praised him as an example of the wise pilgrim. Dramatists have explored his potentialities as a man of policies, and romanticists have seen him as a Byronic adventurer.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:How Far Is Odysseus Motivated by Nostos?
Words | 5 Pages “Odysseus is motivated only by his desire to return home (nostos).” How far do you agree with this view? In your answer you should: * Consider how Odysseus behaves on his journey home; * Include an analysis of his motives; * Support your answer with evidence from The Odyssey.
Odysseus - Far From a Hero Essay Words | 4 Pages. Homer's Odyssey Odysseus is a character who, sometimes behaves like a proper hero and also as a very self-centered character at other points. He earns the respect of his men during the Trojan War by making good sound decisions and caring about the welfare of his men.
The legendary story of Odysseus The word Odyssey has come to mean a journey of epic proportions. The word comes from Homer's epic poem The Odyssey, written in the 8th century BC and it is a sequel to Homer's other epic poem, The Iliad, which describes the last days of the great Trojan War.
“Odysseus is motivated only by his desire to return home (nostos).” How far do you agree with this view? In your answer you should: * Consider how Odysseus behaves on his journey home; * Include an analysis of his motives; * Support your answer with evidence from The Odyssey.
Odysseus’s loyalty is depicted throughout the whole poem, and his desperate need to see his home again is what pushed him forward in his journey home.
Without all these qualities, Odysseus would not be considered a hero. In The Odyssey, the epic starts ten years after the Trojan war and Odysseus is on the island of Ogygia, where Calypso has fallen in love with Odysseus and wont let him or his men leave.
After being trapped on the island for seven years by Calypso, he can finally leave thanks to Zeus.