An overview of the watergate scandal of the early 1970s

Even today, it is home to former Senator Bob Dole and was once the place where Monica Lewinsky laid low.

An overview of the watergate scandal of the early 1970s

The Evolution of the U.

An overview of the watergate scandal of the early 1970s

Government is often regarded as a product of the Cold War. Indeed, much of what is known today as the Intelligence Community was created and developed during the Cold War period.

But intelligence has been a function of the Government since the founding of the Republic.

Help me figure it out. Here are five explanations, each of them a partial truth.

While it has had various incarnations over time, intelligence has historically played a key role in providing support to U. The Early Years of the Republic During the Revolutionary War, General George Washington was an avid user of intelligence as well as a consummate practitioner of the intelligence craft.

Records show that shortly after taking command of the Continental Army inWashington paid an unidentified agent to live in Boston and surreptitiously report by use of "secret correspondence" on the movements of British forces. Indeed, Washington recruited and ran a number of agents, set up spy rings, devised secret methods of reporting, analyzed the raw intelligence gathered by his agents, and mounted an extensive campaign to deceive the British armies.

Historians cite these activities as having played a major role in the victory at Yorktown and in the ability of the Continental Army to evade the British during the winters at Valley Forge.

In a letter to one of his officers written inWashington wrote that secrecy was key to the success of intelligence activities: In November ofthe Continental Congress created the Committee of Secret Correspondence to gather foreign intelligence from people in England, Ireland, and elsewhere on the European continent to help in the prosecution of the war.

In the first State of the Union address in JanuaryWashington asked the Congress for funds to finance intelligence operations. While the Congress required the President to certify the amounts spent, it also allowed him to conceal the purposes and recipients of the funds.

An overview of the watergate scandal of the early 1970s

Inthis latter provision was challenged by the House of Representatives, but President Polk, citing national security grounds of protection of sources, refused to turn over more specific information on the use of the Fund to the Congress.

Judging by the paucity of the historical record, interest in intelligence as a tool of the Executive appears to have waned in succeeding Administrations, although occasional lapses in performance sometimes produced controversy. During the War offor example, military intelligence failed to discover that British troops were advancing on Washington until they were 16 miles from the Capital.


The Secretary of War had refused to believe that the British would invade Washington, and military intelligence reported from this perspective. Intelligence regained prominence during the Civil War.


Both the Union and Confederate leadership valued intelligence information, established their own spy networks, and often railed at the press for providing intelligence to the other side. The Confederate forces established the Signal and Secret Service Bureau with the primary charter of obtaining northern newspapers.

On the Union side, the Departments of the Navy, State, and War each maintained an intelligence service. Union codebreakers decoded Confederate messages and learned that the plates for Confederate currency were being manufactured in New York.

In June ofthe first electronic transmission of information was sent from an aerial reconnaissance platform-in this case, a balloon-directly to President Lincoln on the ground. Two months later, Union forces established a Balloon Corps. Although disbanded after two years, it succeeded in detecting a large concentration of Confederate troops preparing to attack at Fair Oaks, Virginia.

Inthe first professional intelligence organization was established by the Union forces, the Bureau of Military Intelligence.The Strongbow Saga follows the adventures of Halfdan Hroriksson, a young Dane, across the Viking world of the latter half of the 9th century, weaving his fictional tale in and out of actual events of the period and the lives of the historical figures who shaped them, combining a fast moving, gripping story with an accurate portrayal of the Vikings and their world.

The s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies", commonly abbreviated as the "Seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, The Evolution of the U.S. Intelligence Community-An Historical Overview The function of intelligence as an activity of the U.S.

Government is often regarded as a product of the Cold War. © A&E Television Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved. As you can see from the chart, the percentage of Americans who had a “great deal” or a “fair amount” of trust in the news media has declined from over 70 percent shortly after Watergate to about 44 percent today.

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How Americans View Government | Pew Research Center