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Psychoanalyse first started to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud, who formulated his own theory of psychoanalysis in Vienna in the s. Freud was a neurologist trying to find an effective treatment for patients with neurotic or hysterical symptoms.
Freud realised that there were mental processes that were not conscious, whilst he was employed as a neurological consultant at the Children's Hospital, where he noticed that many aphasic children had no apparent organic cause for their symptoms.
He then wrote a monograph about this subject. Charcot had introduced hypnotism as an experimental research tool and developed the photographic representation of clinical symptoms. Freud's first theory to explain hysterical symptoms was presented in Studies on Hysteriaco-authored with his mentor the distinguished physician Josef Breuerwhich was generally seen as the birth of psychoanalysis.
The work was based on Breuer's treatment of Bertha Pappenheimreferred to in case studies by the pseudonym " Anna O. Breuer wrote that many factors that could result in such symptoms, including various types of emotional trauma, and he also credited work by others such as Pierre Janet ; while Freud contended that at the root of hysterical symptoms were repressed memories of distressing occurrences, almost always having direct or indirect sexual associations.
It remained unpublished in his lifetime.
This became the received historical account until challenged by several Freud scholars in the latter part of the 20th century who argued that he had imposed his preconceived notions on his patients. Freud formulated his second psychological theory— which hypothesises that the unconscious has or is a "primary process" consisting of symbolic and condensed thoughts, and a "secondary process" of logical, conscious thoughts.
This theory was published in his book, The Interpretation of Dreams. In this theory, which was mostly later supplanted by the Structural Theory, unacceptable sexual wishes were repressed into the "System Unconscious", unconscious due to society's condemnation of premarital sexual activity, and this repression created anxiety.
This "topographic theory" is still popular in much of Europe, although it has fallen out of favour in much of North America. Freud and Jung in the center InFreud published Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality  in which he laid out his discovery of so-called psychosexual phases: His early formulation included the idea that because of societal restrictions, sexual wishes were repressed into an unconscious state, and that the energy of these unconscious wishes could be turned into anxiety or physical symptoms.
Therefore, the early treatment techniques, including hypnotism and abreaction, were designed to make the unconscious conscious in order to relieve the pressure and the apparently resulting symptoms.
This method would later on be left aside by Freud, giving free association a bigger role. In On Narcissism  Freud turned his attention to the subject of narcissism. Still using an energic system, Freud characterized the difference between energy directed at the self versus energy directed at others, called cathexis.
Byin "Mourning and Melancholia", he suggested that certain depressions were caused by turning guilt-ridden anger on the self. ByFreud addressed the power of identification with the leader and with other members in groups as a motivation for behavior Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego.Yet despite the motivation, Shakespeare provides a powerful revelation of Hamlet's hesitation through the dramatic use of his "o what a rogue and peasant slave am I" soliloquy.
This. A short William Shakespeare biography describes William Shakespeare's life, times, and work. Also explains the historical and literary context that influenced Hamlet.
*Hamlet is an emotional human being who feels guilt, remorse, and has responsibilities; he also feels pride and a sense of duty. Hamlet's indecisiveness in killing Claudius is justified through the nature, actions, and beliefs of many characters. The Ghost, Hamlet's father, explained his death and /5(2).
Mountains and a Mustard Seed: A Family's Journey of Hope is the real-life story of the Allen family. No detail has been spared as the reader is given an inside look at the dynamics of the average but not-so-ordinary family and their journey through this thing called life.
Hamlet Characters guide studies each character's role and motivation in this play.
*Hamlet is an emotional human being who feels guilt, remorse, and has responsibilities; he also feels pride and a sense of duty. Hamlet's indecisiveness in killing Claudius is justified through the nature, actions, and beliefs of many characters. The Ghost, Hamlet's father, explained his death and /5(2). Below is an essay on "Hamlet, the Great Gatsby and the Kite Runner Comparison" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. This fear is a large contributor to the motivations that certain individuals have, consequently affecting their actions. Hamlet devotes his life to avenging his father and. Hey everyone! This is my (Chris’s) research paper on Hamlet’s Motivations. I was inspired to write this paper after reading some articles for class that talked about .
Hamlet: Son of the late King Hamlet of Denmark and nephew to the present King. Famous for the graveyard scene where holding the skull of deceased jester Yorick, Hamlet realizes man has little lasting control over his fate and also for describing man as the "paragon of animals!".
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .