The UN Palestine Commission reported 'Panic continues to increase, however, throughout the Arab middle classes, and there is a steady exodus of those who can afford to leave the country. Mostly the middle and upper classes fled, including the majority of the families of local governors and representatives of the Arab Higher Committee. Most of them did not abandon the hope of returning to Palestine once the hostilities had ended. Britain and the Jordanian choice Britain did not want a Palestinian state led by the Muftiand opted unofficially instead, on 7 Februaryto support the annexation of the Arab part of Palestine by Abdullah I of Jordan.
Inat the height of the war, British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour submitted a letter of intent supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The British government hoped that the formal declaration—known thereafter as the Balfour Declaration —would encourage support for the Allies in World War I.
Arabs vehemently opposed the Balfour Declaration, concerned that a Jewish homeland would mean the subjugation of Arab Palestinians. The complex hostility between the two groups dates all the way back to ancient times when they both populated the area and deemed it holy.
Both Jews and Muslims consider the city of Jerusalem sacred. Much of the conflict in recent years has centered around who is occupying the following areas: A piece of land located between Egypt and modern-day Israel.
A rocky plateau between Syria and modern-day Israel. A territory that divides part of modern-day Israel and Jordan.
The Zionism Movement In the late 19th and early 20th century, an organized religious and political movement known as Zionism emerged among Jews.
Zionists wanted to reestablish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Massive numbers of Jews immigrated to the ancient holy land and built settlements. Between andabout 35, Jews relocated to Palestine.
Another 40, settled in the area between and Many Jews living in Europe and elsewhere, fearing persecution during the Nazi reign, found refuge in Palestine and embraced Zionism.
Arabs in Palestine resisted the Zionism movement, and tensions between the two groups continue. An Arab nationalist movement developed as a result. In MayIsrael was officially declared an independent state with David Ben-Gurionthe head of the Jewish Agency, as the prime minister.
While this historic event seemed to be a victory for Jews, it also marked the beginning of more violence with the Arabs. Civil war broke out throughout all of Israel, but a cease-fire agreement was reached in As part of the temporary armistice agreement, the West Bank became part of Jordan, and the Gaza Strip became Egyptian territory.
Some of these include: Relations between Israel and Egypt were rocky in the years following the war. Israeli, France and Great Britain eventually withdrew from the conflict. In what started as a surprise attack, Israel in defeated Egypt, Jordan and Syria in six days.
The fighting went on for two weeks, until the UN adopted a resolution to stop the war. Syria hoped to recapture the Golan Heights during this battle but was unsuccessful.
InIsrael annexed the Golan Heights, but Syria continued to claim it as territory. Israeli occupation of Gaza and the West Bank led to a Palestinian uprising and hundreds of deaths.
After this, the Palestinian Authority formed and took over some territories in Israel. Inthe Israeli army withdrew from parts of the West Bank.- Preparation for War Immediately after the UN's decision on the partition of Palestine into one Jewish and one Arab state in November Arab gangs began attacking Jewish communities all .
Arab-Israeli wars: Arab-Israeli wars, series of military conflicts between Israeli and various Arab forces, most notably in –49, , , , and The first war immediately followed Israel’s proclamation of statehood on May 14, (UN) partition of Palestine and then captured east Jerusalem, including the small Jewish.
The Arab–Israeli War, known by the Israelis as the War of Independence and War of Liberation, and by Palestinians as the Catastrophe, was the first in a series of wars fought between the newly declared State of Israel and its Arab neighbors in the long-running Arab-Israeli conflict.
- A Chronological Presentation. 3. The New State ( - ) Immediately after the UN's decision on the partition of Palestine into one Jewish and one Arab state in November Arab gangs began attacking Jewish communities all over Palestine. The Arab World made clear its determination to destroy the Jewish state, the moment it .
In November the United Nations (UN) voted to partition the British mandate of Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state (see United Nations Resolution ). Clashes broke out almost immediately between Jews and Arabs in Palestine.
The modern history of Palestine begins with the termination of the British Mandate, the Partition of Palestine and the creation of Israel, and the ensuing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The Partition of Palestine. In , the United Nations (U.N.) proposed a Partition Plan for Palestine titled “United Nations General Assembly Resolution